Saturday, February 24, 2018

your turn #6

Margaret McDonald, the mark of Art Nouveau and its different stars: Victor Horta, Gaudí, Mucha, Cheret, Mackmurdo, Wilde's art for art's sake, Beardsley, Dudovich, Vienese Secession, the Beggarstaffs,  the all-encompassing work: Gesamtkunstwerk.

What's on your mind,

(Below, find the topics for our midterm exam).

Friday, February 23, 2018

List of images and concepts for our Midterm Exam (Spring 2018) in two weeks

List of images here.

List of concepts here.

1- Don't get scared. Remember that I'll make a selection of the images and concepts. Of the 38 images in the review, I'll pick around 28 images.

2- The images require  Author, Title and Year. I have added more information because you want to understand the relevance of these images in their historic contexts. Please, be mindful of spelling foreign names correctly.

3- Concepts are self-explanatory.

Any questions you have, post them here. See you next Thursday.

Thursday, February 22, 2018

SIMPLICISSIMUS, Le plus grand magazine illustré de tous le temps,

1- Simplicissimus combined brash and politically daring content, with a bright, immediate, and surprisingly modern graphic style.

2- Its most reliable targets for caricature were stiff Prussian military figures, and rigid German social and class distinctions as seen from the more relaxed, liberal atmosphere of Munich.
3- The list of contributors in itself speaks of a modern generation of European artists, such as Rilke, Hermann Hesse, Gustav Meyrink, Theodor Heine, Fanny zu Reventlow, Jakob Wassermann, Frank Wedekind, Heinrich Kley, Alfred Kubin, Otto Nückel, Robert Walser, Heinrich Zille, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Heinrich Mann, Lessie Sachs, and Erich Kästner.

(a great site here)

Eduard Thony
Karl Arnold, the master of the (oval-figured & squared-figured)
Bruno Paul,
Theodor Heine,

Josef Hoffmann's amazing Stoclet Palace (1905-11)

Josef Hoffmann was a German architect whose work was important in the early development of modern architecture in Europe.

Take a look at the opulent interior decoration:

Kolomam Moser Ver Sacrum, 1898 (mythic primitivism return to innocence)

(a quick look at moser's ouvre)

arts and crafts dissemination effected the evolution of graphic and other disciplines throuout europe and the US

Elbert Hubbard was a charismatic and zealous American missionary who promoted social reform through common sense, honest work and entrepreneurialism. After visiting Morris on his deathbed he started a peculiar style of production: affordable lamps, chairs, and other household objects conceived and designed in the spirit of Morris' work. The Philistine boasted a subscriber base in the hundreds of thousands. This cover reveals an Arts and Crafts influence, but the magazine celebrated a folksy attitude (rather than studied, elaborated or refined pose).  

Gustav Klimt first secessionist exhibition poster 1898

Peter Behrens

Behrens' The Kiss, a six color woodcut, controversial for its androgynous imagery (first reproduced in Pan magazine)

Peter Behrens is one of the most influential Twentieth-Century German designers. At the beginning of the century, he brought forth outstanding works in painting, architecture, graphic design and industrial design, which exerted a paramount influence in all these various fields, opening up uncharted territory for the generations to come.

He is viewed as the founder of modern objective industrial architecture and modern industrial design.

Behren's AEG Turbine Factory (1908-19019)

The Beggarstaffs. A lesson in simplicity.

The Beggarstaffs (Sir William Nicholson, English, 1872-1949 & James Pryde, Scottish, 1866-1941) Under the pseudonym, they virtually created the modern poster, with clear outlines and large areas of flat color.

What's the Beggarstaffs' secret?

1- cut and paste (yes, scissors and colored paper)
2- flat treatment of form, silhouette of 
3- stylized simplification of shape, 
4- Japanese-like handling of perspective (with no influence of Toulouse Lautrec and of the Nabis),

what is the Wiener Werkstätte?

Early on, the Viennese Workshop looked for a symbolization of modernity.

maria likarz strauss

We get: 

1- rectangular patterns,
2- modern abstraction,
3- sans serif typeface,

American Art Nouveau: William Henry Bradley

William Henry Bradley was largely self-taught as an artist. He began working in a printer's shop at the age of twelve in Ishpeming, Michigan, where his mother had moved in 1874 after the death of his father. This work experience would be important in introducing the young man to the many issues of typesetting, advertisements, and layout that would occupy him in the years to come. Bradley executed a number of designs to promote The Chap-Book, a short-lived but important publication based in Chicago. His 1894 design for Chap-Book, titled The Twins, has been called the first American Art Nouveau poster; this and other posters for the magazine brought him widespread recognition and popularity. (Above, Bradley's poster for The Chap Book, 1895).

"Jugend" Magazine

Jugend Magazine was a cultural weekly publication. It soon became a style-setting icon that launched the German art nouveau movement, named Jugendstil after the magazine. Within its slim 20-page-or-less weekly format, Jugend published works on art and literature, reproducing paintings, drawings, and other fine artworks by up and coming young artists whom the editors favoured.

Among them, Ernst Barlach (one of the great Jugendstil sculptors and illustrators), Julius Klinger (a German artist of Jewish descent who worked for Jugend from 1896 to 1903), Peter Behrens (a German architect who did a good deal of art for Jugend in the early years of the publication) and Hans Heinrich Christianson (well known as a graphic designer, painter, commercial artist, and decorative artist) amongst others. Though to the modern eye the artwork seems vastly dissimilar in style, there were common elements throughout, and the style of art selected by the Jugend editors as a whole came to be known as Jugendstil. This style was distinct from the other arts and crafts movements in that it focused on Germanic themes and mythologies, providing reinforcement for the unification of the German states.

The Henry van de Velde's unique combination of style, abstract sense of functionality and elegance

Poster for Tropon food concentrate (1899) by Henry van de Velde: This swirling configuration may have been inspired by the separation of egg yolks from egg whites.Van de Velde's dress, specially designed for his wife. Staircase of the Sanatorium of Trzbiechów and the Villa Esche in Chemnitz.

Jan Toorop

Jan Toorop, a leading Dutch Symbolist Painter, exhibited with Les XX in Brussels, as early as 1884. He developed a unique Symbolist style, with dynamic, unpredictable lines based on Javanese motifs, highly stylised willowy figures, and curvilinear designs. Toorop shows interest in literary metaphor, evocative form, and the linear depiction of scenes in a highly decorative manner of organic nature, often depicting women (he achnowledged Beardsley's influence). Above, Jan Toorop's Psyche (1898).

This is a wonderful Toorop site. 

Gaudí el modernista

casa battlo, 

casa milá

sagrada familia

what do we see here?

1- novel treatment of ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork, forging and carpentry,
2- French Gothic and Mozarab influences,
3- Modernista proper with an organic influence inspired by natural forms.